Maria Pawlowna, Grand Duchess
of Sachsen-Weimar-Eisenach


In August 1804, the daughter of the Russian Tsar Paul I married the hereditary prince Carl Friedrich of Sachsen-Weimar-Eisenach.
Not only did she have considerable political influence, she also had great financial resources. Therefore, after Carl August’s death she became an important personality for the cultural development of Weimar.
Apart from her charity work she supported education and music, improvements in farming and horticulture and also measures for the embellishment of the surrounding countryside of Weimar.
She moved her summer residence to Belvedere, where she preferred to stay in the Russian Garden. In 1811, Carl Friedrich had had this garden laid out for her modelled on the “personal garden” belonging to the tsar’s palace at Pawlowsk.